Let’s compare the 'short a' /æ/ and 'short o' /ɑ/, the sounds in the words ‘hat’ and ‘hot.’ Both of these sounds are horribly named because they are NOT quick or ‘short’ sounds. I continue to use their historic names so you can find more information from sources other than me on the Internet. /æ/ and /ɑ/ are just the common spoken names used for the sounds /æ/ and /ɑ/. The critical thing to remember that neither /æ/ nor /ɑ/are quick, little sounds. They’re most likely to occur on stressed or secondarily stress syllables or single-syllable words. Practice with minimal pairs.Read More
American English Pronunciation Podcast
221: Compare 'unvoiced th' to /f/, /s/, and /t/
220: The 'n-g' spelling creates /ŋ/, as in the word 'song'
219: /g+n/ as in "signal" and "ignore"
218: Learn to hear vowels to learn to pronounce them
217: Compare long e /i/, short i /ɪ/, and short e /ɛ/
216: The Cardinal Vowels--long e /i/, oo sound /u/, short o /ɑ/, and short a /æ/
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