1. a_e (vowel-consonant-e)

When the letter 'a' is followed by a single consonant and then the letter 'e,' the letter 'a' is usually pronounced as /eɪ/.

a. same /sm/

 
 

b. cake /kk/

 
 

c. safe /sf/

 
 

2. -ai-

The 'ai' spelling is a fairly common spelling for the mid-word 'long a' sound.

a. rain /rn/

 
 

b. paid /pd/

 
 

c. faith /fθ/

 
 

3. ay

a. say /s/

 
 

b. play /pl/

 
 

c. way /w/

 
 

4. eigh

a. eight /t/

 
 

b. weigh /w/

 
 

c. sleigh /sl/