1. oo

a. good /gʊd/

b. look /lʊk/

c. book /bʊk/

The 'oo' spelling is more commonly pronounced 'oo sound' /u/ (as in 'soon').


2. -u- (CVC)

a. put /pʊt/

b. full /fʊl/

c. sugar /'ʃʊg ɚ/

  The 'other u' /ʊ/ has three common spellings: 'oo' 'consonant-u-consonant' and 'ure.'

*The 'consonant-u-consonant' spelling is more commonly pronounced 'short u' /ʌ/ (as in 'sun').


3. -ure

a. pure /pʊr/

b. cure /kʊr/

c. insure /in 'ʃʊr/

*The 'ure' spelling is also pronounced 'schwa+r' /ɚ/ (as in 'nature').


'other u' non-phonetic words

Non-phonetic words are not pronounced according to their spelling. Their pronunciations should be memorized.

1. could

2. should

3. would

4. woman