VIDEO: Pronouncing Short Vowel Sounds

Introduction to all five short vowel sounds in American English /æ, ɛ, ɪ, ɑ, ʌ/.


VIDEO: Pronouncing short a /æ/ in American English

Learn to spell and pronounce the short a /æ/ (as in cat), follow with a listen-and-repeat practice section.


VIDEO: Pronouncing the short e /ɛ/ in American English

Learn to spell and pronounce the short e /ɛ/ (as in bed), follow with a listen-and-repeat practice section.


VIDEO: Pronouncing the short i /ɪ/ in American English

Learn to spell and pronounce the short i /ɪ/ (as in sit), follow with a listen-and-repeat practice section.


VIDEO: Pronouncing the short o /ɑ/ in American English

Learn to spell and pronounce the short o /ɑ/ (as in sit), follow with a listen-and-repeat practice section.


VIDEO: Introduction to Other Vowels

Introduction to the 'oo sound' (soon), 'other u' (put), 'aw sound' (dog), 'oi sound' (join), and 'ow sound' (down). Learn common spellings and compare shared spellings with long and short vowels.


VIDEO: Schwa+r /ɚ/ spelling and pronunciation

The schwa+r is an r-controlled vowel sound that is most commonly spelled 'e-r,' 'i-r,' and 'u-r' (as in the words her, girl, and burn), few realize the significance syllable stress has on this sound.


VIDEO: What is Schwa /ə/???

Learn about schwa /ə/, the most common vowel sound in American English pronunciation in this ESL/ELL lesson.  Schwa is shown as an upside-down letter 'e' in most dictionaries and occurs on unstressed syllables in many multi-syllable words.


VIDEO: Using Non-rhyming Words to Learn Pronunciation

Vowel sounds in particular cause pronunciation confusion due to multiple sounds that use a single pronunciation. For example, the words "boot "and "foot" do not rhyme, yet the words "foot" and "put" do rhyme, despite different spellings.


VIDEO: Pronoun pronunciation (he, she, her, him, them, etc) in American English

Tips for reducing (unstressing) pronouns by omitting the first sound of certain words. Also learn how the rhythm and intonation of an entire sentence can change when a pronoun is stressed.


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